Intermodal Freight Transport – An Integral Part of America’s Economy | transportation

Why Use Intermodal Shipping?Intermodal freight transport or rail plus freight as it is commonly referred to as, can be a very cost effective and efficient method for shippers needing to transport freight over long distances, generally 750 miles or more. Many companies use inter-modal shipping to move freight in an efficient, cost effective, and environmentally friendly manner.What is Intermodal Shipping?The concept of inter-modal shipping is not hard to understand. At its core it consists of freight being shipped in containers specifically designed for transport by railroad over long distances. The freight is loaded into the containers and transported to rail yards. The containers are then loaded onto flat-cars and transported to other rail yards near their intended destination. Finally, the containers are off loaded onto delivery trucks and transported to one or more delivery points. Because the freight itself within the container is not being handled between mode changes (ship, rail, and truck), the risk of damage or loss is greatly reduced. By reducing the amount of touches their cargo receives, companies have reported less damage, greater security, and increased overall shipment speeds.Additionally, due to the reduced fuel cost compared to OTR (over the road) truck only shipments, inter-modal freight shipping provides an attractive transportation alternative to OTR trucking for shipments being transported over longer distances. Companies using OTR trucking to transport products from coast to coast should consider inter-modal freight as a shipping option.Additional benefits of inter-modal freight shipping include reduced traffic congestion, reduced motor vehicle accidents, and reduced burden on our overburdened transportation infrastructure. One inter-modal train can replace as many as 280 trucks and can save as much as 20 percent on shipping costs. Fewer trucks mean smaller carbon footprints, fewer emissions, and an overall cleaner environment. According to a study by the Federal Railroad Administration, almost one billion gallons of fuel can be saved each year just by moving 10 percent of long-haul freight from truck to rail.Efficiency and InteroperabilityThe key to efficiency and interoperability in inter-modal shipping lay with the shipping containers.All goods are shipped in containers that have been standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ISO containers are steel boxes that come in various shapes and sizes to ensure goods and materials are delivered securely and safely. Also referred to as inter-modal transport units, containers are loaded and sealed intact onto railroad cars, ships, planes and trucks using specially designed handling equipment which allows these containers to be easily transferred between all modes of transportation. Containers come in standard 20 to 40 foot sizes and can hold around 30 tons of cargo. Temperature controlled shipping containers are used to ship temperature sensitive products such as foods, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals and help maintain product freshness and efficacy.ChallengesIntermodal shipping and distribution of containerized goods can present some challenges to need to be addressed to facilitate a smooth shipping experience from origin to destination. In fact it requires seamless and integrated coordination of resources throughout the various transportation modes. Any lack of co-operation between the different modes of transportation must be completely removed to ensure the most efficient movement of goods throughout the supply chain.ConclusionInter-modal freight transport combines the best attributes of both truck and rail shipping, and is responsible for the movement of billions of dollars of products across the country each and every day. When used over long distances, inter-modal freight shipping can cut fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions, compared to over the road truck only shipping.From temperature controlled products, dry goods, electronics and more, intermodal shipping is integral to the American economy.

Web Page Design | design web

Web page design involves the design of pages that are published on the World Wide Web. Web page design includes not only the aesthetics aspects but also includes navigational and user interface aspects of design. Web pages must be designed keeping in mind the goals of the organization for whom the site is being designed. The process of Web page design begins by gathering all the information, understanding the objectives to be achieved and determining the target audience. The type of browsers visitors use, the kind of Internet connections used to visit your site and the computers used are other important design factors. A site designed for broadband users can be graphics intensive compared to a site designed for dial-up users who typically use a slower Internet connection.Once the design specifications have been decided, it is best to start planning the navigation structure and content of the Web pages. The process of Web design often involves creation of a mockup, which provides an idea of the layout of the Web page. Once the mockup is finalized the graphics are created and the coding of the Web page can be done using a mark up language such as hypertext markup language, or HTML.HTML allows creation of Web pages that can be viewed using a Web browser. HTML allows the precise placement of text and images and enables navigation through the use of hyperlinks. Several WYSIWYG (What you see if what you get) HMTL editors are available to help create Web pages. Using these HTML editors, a designer can create Web pages without having to learn actual html coding. Microsoft FrontPage and Macromedia DreamWeaver are two of the most popular and powerful HTML editors.Designers use image editing software applications to create the graphics for a Web site. Adobe Photoshop and Macromedia Fireworks are two of the most popular image editing applications.